This foundational text helps educators look at teaching diverse learners through a dynamic, multilingual, sociocultural lens. It contrasts two discourses (assimilationist and pluralist) and shows how each lens leads to particular kinds of decisions (policy, program development, curriculum, instruction, assessment) regarding the education of diverse learners. It presents four principles to guide decision making using a pluralist lens:
Using rich examples and guided practice activities, the text shows educators how to recognize and apply these principles in bilingual and/or general education contexts.
The text also highlights the role of teacher as decision maker, and shows multiple pathways for teacher advocacy at the classroom, program, school, and policy levels.